Drug Regulations Model

These past years, voices haves been raised to demand a new approach concerning drug laws.

Different drug regulation models exist that can be applied. Some of them are defined in a section of a publication of the International Drug Policy Consortium, notably, the Drug Policy Guide.

Depenalisation – Reduction in the severity of penalties for drug related offences. Sanctions remain under the framework of criminal law.

de facto Decriminalisation – Use or possession of drugs for personal use still remains unlawful but in practise, the person using or in possession of drugs will not be arrested or prosecuted.

Decriminalisation – Drug use and/or possession of drugs, production and cultivation for personal use are no longer dealt with penal sanctions, but drug trafficking remains a criminal offence. Under this legal regime, sanctions can be administrative in nature or completely abolished.

Legal Regulation – All drug-related infractions are no longer dealt within the criminal law sphere, but production, supply and use are strictly regulated by administrative laws, as it is for tobacco and alcohol.

Drug Regulation: A practical Proposition

Drug regulation poses a practical problem because few people know how to put it in practice, and what it would be like in a post-prohibition era. The States of Colorado and Washington in the US are still in the process of legalising cannabis. The British organisation Transform has published a plan that offers legal frameworks and protocols of distribution for different drugs in its book After the War on Drugs: A blueprint for Regulation. This work has been acclaimed by different scientific journals, including the British Medical Journal. Transform has also published several books on alternatives for drug prohibition. In late 2013, Transform also published a guide on Cannabis Regulation: How to regulate Cannabis, A Practical Guide, giving practical details about the implementation of Cannabis regulation. Those works are available on their website.